Open Access
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Article ID: 2073
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by Belkis Coromoto Sulbarán Rangel, Abigail Eloísa Madrigal Olveira, Víctor Hugo Romero Arellano, Carlos Alberto Guzmán González
Pollut. Stud. 2023 , 4(2);    63 Views
Abstract Context: At present, nanotechnology can be used in multiple areas of action which, due to its nature, can be implemented with great versatility, given that many advances in nanotechnology base their studies on how to optimize daily and industrial processes and how to favor the environment. In addition, the manipulation of matter at this level allows the creation of solutions with greater scientific, social and economic impact. For the purposes of this research, laboratory results will be shown using cellulosic nanomaterials for the adsorption of emerging antibiotic-type contaminants. Method: This research was carried out at laboratory level, where cellulose was modified by chemical methods to obtain nanocellulose by oxidation. A characterization of the material obtained by spectroscopy techniques was carried out, and the adsorption of emerging anti-biotic contaminants such as ciprofloxacin. Results: Cellulosic nanomaterials have the potential to be used in tertiary water treatment for the removal of emerging contaminants such as ciprofloxacin. The results show that the cellulosic nanomaterial adsorbs ciprofloxacin by 27 %. Conclusions:  Nanocellulose membranes have potential for use in a water purification system; those made only with cellulose showed a lower percentage of contaminant adsorption than membranes with nanocellulose.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 2074
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by Marco Antonio Ruiz Vicente
Pollut. Stud. 2023 , 4(2);    61 Views
Abstract Objective.  To present a systematic review of studies that evaluate the impact caused by urban solid waste generated in the Oaxacan Mixtec region. Results.  The analysis of the research results consulted in the following databases: Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina y el Caribe (Redalyc), Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Dialnet, EBSCO and Consorcio Nacional de Recursos de Información Científica y Tecnológica (CONRICYT), show that pollution is a problem that has been gradually increasing globally, which has led to the presence of foreign organisms and substances that interfere with and damage the health of people, natural resources and the ecological balance; It is worth mentioning that the impact on communities caused by the inadequate generation and management of solid waste significantly alters the ecosystem of the areas surrounding the disposal sites. It is important to note that there is legislation in this area that specifically classifies the different disposal sites and entrusts the municipalities with the integral management of urban solid waste, but this legislation is not correctly applied despite the fact that this problem has become very important in the last two decades in governmental spheres. Conclusions.  Mexico faces the challenge of resolving environmental problems in order to reach a level of sustainability and sustainability in the medium term. The generation rates of urban solid waste continue to increase because we live in a society that has drastically modified its consumption habits. The degradation of the environment and natural resources for the Oaxacan Mixtec region is classified in ranges from unstable-critical to critical, causing pressure on natural resources, which is why we must have an adequate management and disposal of municipal solid waste, to achieve this it is necessary to have the support of society, governments and society in general, this synergy is necessary to reduce the extraction of resources used to produce them obtaining economic, social and environmental benefits in the long term for the region.
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Open Access
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Article ID: 2076
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by Alina de la Caridad Morell-Bayard, Alberto de las Mercedes Beyris-Mazar, Pedro Siboney Bergues-Garrido, Axel Campos-Castro, Jainer Costa-Acosta
Pollut. Stud. 2023 , 4(2);    76 Views
Abstract The bay of Santiago de Cuba is the second in importance and contamination in the country. Aggressive waste discharges with organic and inorganic materials, heavy metals, masonry residues, grease, oils and hydrocarbons, among others, are discharged into the bay. A systematic review of databases, publications, web pages and other documents was carried out in order to find out more about contamination. Eighty-five percent of the main reports refer to organic matter contamination and waste characterization, followed by hydrocarbon contamination (15 %). This makes the work related to sustainable management in the bay insufficient.
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Open Access
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Article ID: 2077
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by Deiby Présiga-López, Ainhoa Rubio-Clemente, Juan F. Pérez
Pollut. Stud. 2023 , 4(2);    95 Views
Abstract Biochar is the product of biomass decomposition, whose physicochemical characteristics are associated with its origin and the combustion method used. Among these properties, the surface area, the formation of macro and micropores, and the presence of functional groups stand out. Due to these characteristics, biochar becomes an alternative material with high adsorption capacity of toxic compounds present in contaminated wastewater. This work provides information on the generation mechanisms of biochar and how they interfere in its physicochemical characteristics. It also describes the parameters involved in the pollutant removal processes and mentions the treatments under which biochar can be subjected to improve its adsorption capacity. Finally, the possible uses or the appropriate final disposal of biochar in order to contribute to the circular economy strategy are indicated.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 2078
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by María Eugenia Guerrero Useda
Pollut. Stud. 2023 , 4(2);    285 Views
Abstract Despite the scientific consensus on the need to limit global warming, the urgency for the autonomous provision of energy resources has led many States to authorize projects that apply non-conventional fossil fuel extraction techniques, such as horizontal drilling and high-volume hydraulic fracturing of shale. Although few studies present conclusive evidence, these techniques are accused of causing dangers to the environment and to the health of the people who work and live in fracking areas, so that the States are faced with the dilemma of extending their energy autonomy for a few years, squeezing their natural gas and oil reserves to the end, or seeking a balance with the planet by moving towards more sustainable energy sources. Based on the review of studies that present evidence of physical and chemical contamination and other impacts on the environment in areas where the fracking technique has been developed, a panorama of risks for people living near extraction platforms and the dangers of developing fracking projects in tropical climate zones is presented.
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