Understanding factors intercepting response of rice farmers to climate change in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

E. E. Osuji, A. C. Tim-Ashama, U. T. Agunanne, R. A. Iheanacho, S. C. Onyirioha, J. Nze

Article ID: 2285
Vol 4, Issue 2, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.54517/ama.v4i2.2285
VIEWS - 146 (Abstract)

Abstract

Understanding factors intercepting the response of rice farmers to climate change in Ebonyi State, Nigeria, was investigated. A total of 70 rice farmers were sampled using a multi-stage sampling technique and administered a questionnaire. Primary data was collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, frequency, percentage, chart) and an ordinary least squares multiple regression model. Results show that the rice farmers cultivated on small land holdings, were relatively educated, sourced their land via inheritance, and had 16 years of farming experience. Results reveal that 72% of the rice farmers are highly aware of climate change, while 17% and 11% are relatively aware and not aware, respectively. Temperatures, rainfall, and the number of rainy days have positive effects on rice production, while sunshine hours and relative humidity have negative effects on rice production. Age, gender, education, farm size, extension contacts, and participation in workshops were significant variables influencing rice production in the state. Capital, crude implements, pests and diseases, poor soil, lack of incentives, and cultivation systems were the non-climatic factors that influenced rice cultivation in the state. Farmers were recommended to embrace climate-smart cropping systems and seek early climate change information to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change on rice cultivation.


Keywords

rice farmers; climate change; multi-stage sampling; logit model; Ebonyi State

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