Effects of irrigation methods on transpiration and water use efficiency of tomato

Jun Yan, Meili Sun, Zizhu Lu, Lingwei Kong, Weixuan Wang, Weiwei Zhou, Bin Liang, Junliang Li, Haofeng Lv

Article ID: 2048
Vol 3, Issue 1, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.54517/ama.v3i1.2048
VIEWS - 86 (Abstract)


Objective: To explore the effect of high-frequency drip irrigation on the physiological water savings of facility tomatoes. Methods: A pot experiment was conducted to study the effects and mechanisms of conventional flood irrigation (CFI) and high-frequency drip irrigation (HDI) on the transpiration and water use efficiency of tomatoes. Results: a. During the whole growth period, the irrigation times of high-frequency drip irrigation were 44 times, which was 3.4 times of traditional flood irrigation, and the irrigation amount was only 71.0% of flood irrigation. However, there was no significant difference in fruit, stem, or leaf dry weight between the two treatments (p > 0.05). b. The average transpiration of tomatoes under high-frequency drip irrigation was 28.95 L/plant, which was significantly lower than that under traditional flood irrigation by 24.6%. c. Compared with conventional flood irrigation, high-frequency drip irrigation treatment significantly increased irrigation water use efficiency (biomass/irrigation volume) and water physiological use efficiency (biomass/transpiration volume) by 21.2% and 14.2%, respectively (p < 0.05). d. Compared with conventional flood irrigation, high-frequency drip irrigation significantly decreased tomato leaf area, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate by 32.6%, 69.8%, and 54.3%, respectively, and significantly increased leaf δ13C value (p < 0.05). Conclusion: High-frequency drip irrigation can not only reduce the amount of irrigation, and improve the utilization efficiency of irrigation water, but also put the plant in a certain state of water deficit, reduce leaf area, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate, and then significantly reduce transpiration water consumption, improve the physiological water use efficiency of tomatoes, and realize physiological water savings.


facility tomato; irrigation mode; transpiration consumes water; water use efficiency; stomatal conductance

Full Text:



1. National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020 China Statistical Yearbook (Chinese). China Statistics Press; 2020.

2. Yu J, Zhou J. Progress and prospects of vegetable production and technology in China during the 12th Five-Year Plan Period (Chinese). China Vegetables 2016; 9: 18–30.

3. Sun Y, Hu K, Fan Z, et al. Simulating the fate of nitrogen and optimizing water and nitrogen management of greenhouse tomato in North China using the EU-Rotate_N model. Agricultural Water Management 2013; 128: 72–84. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2013.06.016

4. Liang B, Kang L, Ren T, et al. The impact of exogenous N supply on soluble organic nitrogen dynamics and nitrogen balance in a greenhouse vegetable system. Journal of Environmental Management 2015; 154: 351–357. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.02.045

5. Liang H, Lv H, Batchelor WD, et al. Simulating nitrate and DON leaching to optimize water and N management practices for greenhouse vegetable production systems. Agricultural Water Management 2020; 241: 106377. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2020.106377

6. Zhao Y, Lv H, Qasim W, et al. Drip fertigation with straw incorporation significantly reduces N2O emission and N leaching while maintaining high vegetable yields in solar greenhouse production. Environmental Pollution 2021; 273: 116521. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.116521

7. Zhou J, Ma Y, Wu M, et al. Study on water and nitrogen utilization and biological effects of winter wheat under different water and fertilizer measures (Chinese). Journal of Irrigation and Drainage 2019, 38(9): 36–41.

8. Liu J, Qiu H, Zhang W, et al. Effects of irrigation methods and biomass charcoal on winter wheat yield and water and fertilizer utilization efficiency (Chinese). Journal of Irrigation and Drainage 2021; 40(6): 59–65.

9. Yang H, Du T, Qiu R, et al. Improved water use efficiency and fruit quality of greenhouse crops under regulated deficit irrigation in northwest China. Agricultural Water Management 2017; 179: 193–204. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2016.05.029

10. Nie B, Li W, Jiang L, et al. Effects of different irrigation methods on nitrate nitrogen distribution in soil profile and irrigation water efficiency of protected tomato (Chinese). Research of Soil and Water Conservation 2012; 19(3): 102–107.

11. Lv H, Lin S, Wang Y, et al. Drip fertigation significantly reduces nitrogen leaching in solar greenhouse vegetable production system. Environmental Pollution 2019; 245: 694–701. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.11.042

12. Liang Y, Gao Y, Wang G, et al. Luxury transpiration of winter wheat and its responses to deficit irrigation in North China Plain. Plant, Soil and Environment 2018; 64(8): 361–366. doi: 10.17221/331/2018-pse

13. Zhang P, Liu L, Bai X, Zhu J. The relationship between photosynthetic transpiration and ion accumulation of Vitex unifolia under different light intensities (Chinese). Acta Ecologica Sinica 2012; 32(11): 3432–3439. doi: 10.5846/stxb201105050588

14. Collins AR, Burton AJ, Cavaleri MA. Effects of experimental soil warming and water addition on the transpiration of mature sugar maple. Ecosystems 2017; 21(1): 98–111. doi: 10.1007/s10021-017-0137-9

15. Ayeneh A, Van Ginkel M, Reynolds MP, Ammar K. Comparison of leaf, spike, peduncle and canopy temperature depression in wheat under heat stress. Field Crops Research 2002; 79(2–3): 173–184. doi: 10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00138-7

16. Li M. Basic Research on Crop Extravagant Transpiration and its Regulation (Chinese) [PhD thesis]. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; 2010.

17. Kang S, Hao X, Du T, et al. Improving agricultural water productivity to ensure food security in China under changing environment: From research to practice. Agricultural Water Management 2017; 179: 5–17. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2016.05.007

18. Chen K, Zhao J, Huang H, et al. Effects of different drip irrigation quotas on water consumption characteristics and yield of wheat (Chinese). Journal of Irrigation and Drainage 2017; 36(3): 65–68+84.

19. Wang Q, Feng H, Dong Q, et al. Effects of plastic film mulching on water consumption structure and water use of spring corn in Hetao irrigation area (Chinese). Journal of Irrigation and Drainage 2021; 40(8): 10–18.

20. Yang S, Zhang X, Xu J, et al. Effects of irrigation period on growth and water consumption characteristics of winter wheat (Chinese). Journal of Irrigation and Drainage 2021; 40(6): 36–44.

21. Lv H. Effects of Irrigation and Fertilization on Water and Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Environmental Effects of Protected Tomato (Chinese) [PhD thesis]. China Agricultural University; 2019.

22. Fan Z, Lin S, Zhang X, et al. Conventional flooding irrigation causes an overuse of nitrogen fertilizer and low nitrogen use efficiency in intensively used solar greenhouse vegetable production. Agricultural Water Management 2014; 144: 11–19. doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2014.05.010

23. Bao S. Analysis of Soil Agrochemical (Chinese), 3rd ed. China Agricultural Press; 2011.

24. Tao H, Lin S. Comparison of punch weighing method, copy weighing method and length-width correction method in measuring rice leaf area (Chinese). Plant Physiology Communications 2006; 42(3): 1–3.

25. Lv H, Zhou W, Dong J, et al. Irrigation amount dominates soil mineral nitrogen leaching in plastic shed vegetable production systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 2021; 317: 107474. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2021.107474

26. Changhai S, Baodi D, Yunzhou Q, et al. Physiological regulation of high transpiration efficiency in winter wheat under drought conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment 2010; 56(7): 340–347. doi: 10.17221/220/2009-pse

27. Jones HG. Crop characteristics and the ratio between assimilation and transpiration. The Journal of Applied Ecology 1976; 13(2): 605. doi: 10.2307/2401807

28. Liang Y. Changes of Winter Wheat Extravagant Transpiration and Its Regulation (Chinese) [PhD thesis]. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences; 2018.

29. Wei N, Mu Y, Jiang X, et al. Distribution of evapotranspiration components and its influencing factors in Artemisia ordosica-Yangchai shrub ecosystem in Maowusu sandy land (Chinese). Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 2021; 32(7): 2407–2414.

30. Chen S, Bai Y, Han X. Application of stable carbon isotope technology in ecological research (Chinese). Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology 2002; 26(5): 549–560.

31. Farquhar GD, Ehleringer JR, Hubick KT. Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 1989; 40(1): 503–537. doi: 10.1146/annurev.pp.40.060189.002443

32. Osório J, Osório ML, Chaves MM, et al. Effects of water deficits on δ13C discrimination and transpiration efficiency of Eucalyptus globulus clones. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1998; 25(6): 645–653. doi: 10.1071/pp97167


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jun Yan, Meili Sun, Zizhu Lu, Lingwei Kong, Weixuan Wang, Weiwei Zhou, Bin Liang, Junliang Li, Haofeng Lv

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).