A survey on geometric shape representation of objects based on medial axis transform

Junfeng Yao, Hanyin Zhang, Xingxin Li, Mengyuan Ge, Weixing Xie, Yong Yang

Article ID: 2159
Vol 4, Issue 1, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.54517/m.v4i1.2159
VIEWS - 497 (Abstract)


Geometric shape representation algorithms are key technologies in the fields of computer graphics and geometric modeling. The Medial Axis Transform (MAT) is an important geometric model description tool that provides a simplified representation of complex geometric shapes while ensuring accurate descriptions of geometric shape and topology. Therefore, it can meet the requirements of many modern research fields, including geometric modeling, pattern recognition, model segmentation, model deformation, physical simulation, path planning, and more. This paper first introduces the basic concept of the medial axis transform, including the definition of the medial axis transform and the concept of medial axis primitives. It then describes the extraction algorithms for the medial axis transform, specific research on the medial axis transform in computer vision and computer graphics, potential applications of the medial axis transform, and medial axis transform datasets. Finally, the disadvantages and advantages of the medial axis transform are discussed, and some suggestions on possible future research directions are presented.


medial axis transform; geometric shape representation; physical simulation

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