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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1845
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by Lenies Jesús Piña Retamoza
2021 , 2(2);    49 Views
Abstract Green areas are the starting point of a city, because they represent the greatest purification of any pollutants in the surrounding environment, which is caused by the discovery of different reasons for population growth, the lack of environmental programs, and human indifference to environmental problems. This affects the overall formation of man, because he needs environmental balance, that is, human nature. Therefore, this behavior leads to the reduction and generation of environmental degradation. The main objective of this work is to develop an environmental strategy to improve the green area. Department C, “terrace Community Council on July 28”, located in Tawaka City, Barinas City, Barinas state, the method used is quantitative, and the type of research is a feasible project with on-site design. The tool used for data collection is the questionnaire to obtain the results. The study population was 192, and the sample was represented by 57 subjects. On the other hand, the reliability was proved after the instrument tabulation, and the result was 0.92. In this sense, this conclusion is handled according to the objectives proposed in the study, because the application of environmental technology helps to improve green space in the short term, as is the case with Tawaka urban development. If the green space is a space, it has been phased out because the residents of the department have not taken any strategy to maintain them, where they provide residents and tourists with the aesthetics of the area and the relaxing benefits provided by the green space.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1850
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by Uriel Flores, Belén Fernández, Dana Navarro
2021 , 2(2);    51 Views
Abstract Temperature is one of the meteorological variables that can best represent the climate of urban areas. It shows obvious sensitivity to urban growth and expansion, resulting in the so-called urban heat island. “Urban climatology has made remarkable progress in dealing with problems in the process of urbanization” [1] . It serves elements such as learning contents and initiatives for environmental order or climate comfort suggestions. In recent years, the development trend of ecological city or ecological city is greater, which aims to follow the ecological principle. As a new way of sustainable development, there are more vegetation to balance the heat regulation of the city. Using different statistical data from meteorological stations, data recorder button measurement data and temperature and humidity sensor data with environmental probe, the hot city comparison between the capital and adjacent rural and semi-rural areas is carried out. These data have produced the results of encouraging sustainable development initiatives. This has led to better population habitat conditions for the next generation over the years.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1854
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by Cesar Fortunato Martínez Vitor
2021 , 2(2);    48 Views
Abstract The purpose of the study is to determine the impact of urban indicators on the sustainable development of atoll metropolis in Junín region, Peru, including the impact of its specific urban composition and territorial allocation, natural resource management, social cohesion and economic development on urban sustainable development. Three methods were used: the first was the evolution map indicator and census information system, the second was the method record of testing the integrated urban indicator system of urban planning from 1961 to 2011, and the third was the method of estimating the sustainable development level of the territory, the 2008 biography prepared by the Inter American Institute of agricultural cooperation. The following results were achieved: the bulk density of 115.87 inhab/ha in 1961 decreased steadily in 2011, reaching 93.67 inhab/ha. The comparative urban planning from 1961 to 2011 decreased from 14 indicators obtained to only one indicator applicable. It was noted that 13 indicators were not applicable due to method defects and monitoring was not allowed due to lack of reliability. Finally, the biography showed the trend of urban stability. The results show that the urban indicators are practical, which shows the degree of impact on the current and predictable situation of urban human settlements. Although this situation has achieved vegetation growth in an inert and spontaneous way, it has led to the improvement of sustainability in the medium term.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1856
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by Yingying Wang, Yucun Wang
2021 , 2(2);    50 Views
Abstract In recent years, eco city construction has become rampant at home and abroad. Some ecological technologies that are committed to reducing energy use are also improving, but the consumption behavior that drives the extensive use of energy is ignored. This paper studies the consumption problems in urban development, summarizes the four development paths of “time balance”, “channel optimization”, “resource sharing” and “streamlining consumption” combined with the concept of “smart consumption”, and further discusses the introduction strategy of the concept of “smart consumption” in the construction of ecological city.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1859
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by Tian Chen, Tianyu Zang
2021 , 2(2);    59 Views
Abstract According to the requirements of China’s new urbanization development strategy, this paper puts forward the important role of urban design in urban development and construction. This paper discusses the disputes on the evaluation standards of urban design, summarizes the typical modes of urban design in the field of local practice and exploration, expounds the problems and countermeasures in the legal environment and market environment of urban design, finally puts forward the main research contents and technical system of ecological urban design, and points out that ecological urban design will become the direction of sustainable development of cities in the future.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1880
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by G. Maldonado-Bernabé, A. Chacalo-Hilu, I. Nava-Bolaños, RM Meza-Paredes, AY Zaragoza-Hernández
2021 , 2(2);    88 Views
Abstract Urban green spaces play a crucial role in urban sustainability because they provide a variety of environmental and social benefits, which is why every city claiming to be modern, safe, inclusive and sustainable must ensure that its residents have access to and use these spaces. Mexico City has been upgraded to a city in transition to sustainable development, which is why it has launched various plans and actions focusing on environmental protection. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to compare the AVU area of the two urban centers of the city from 1990 to 2015 using the census of geographic information system (GIS) and National Institute of statistics and Geography. Information is used to understand the social situation of each mayor’s office during the study date. The results show that although the social gap has narrowed in this period, there are great differences in the area and quality between the two cities. 
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1881
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by Carlos Albeiro Pacheco Bustos, Edgar Humberto Sánchez Cotte, Carolina Páez
2021 , 2(2);    61 Views
Abstract Background : The resulting large amount of construction and demolition waste (CDW) has become a global problem. To this end, Colombia’s legislation seeks to guide its proper management and promote its transformation and reuse. Methodology : Based on the analysis of the national and local legislation of CDW management frontier cities in Colombia, this study puts forward an alternative to the formulation of comprehensive management plan. Based on this analysis, the conditions and characteristics of medium-sized cities such as Barranquilla are studied and analyzed in order to provide a comprehensive alternative for the management (management and treatment) of this kind of waste.  Result : The prevention, storage, collection, transportation, use and final disposal aspects that should be considered in the CDW integrated management plan most suitable for Barranquilla city are determined. According to these special characteristics and conditions, a scheme of treatment plant is proposed. Conclusion:  In view of the rapid development of Barranquilla in recent years, Barranquilla needs to quickly adjust its CDW management mode. The city recognizes that the separation of source and use is at the core of the model needed to achieve sustainable management processes. In addition, the shortcomings of the current management system are found, and combined with the application of linear economic model, a management model based on the principle of circular economy is proposed.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1882
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by Rodolfo Francisco Castillo-García
2021 , 2(2);    788 Views
Abstract This paper is the product of the author’s academic research, personal reflection, professional experience and technical suggestions on the urban evolution of Lima City, Peru from 1535 to 2020, the urban planning evolution of Lima Callao from 1949 to 2020 and the sustainable development of Lima Callao Megalopolis, Peru in 2050. From this perspective, the purpose of this paper is to think about the urban evolution of Lima from colonial Lima to big city Lima from 1535 to 2020 and the evolution of Lima Callao urban planning from 1949 to 2020. Similarly, technical proposals were submitted to promote the sustainable urban development planning of Lima Callao Megalopolis to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Peru’s independence (2021), the 500th anniversary of Lima Spain Foundation (2035) and the second half of the 21st century (2050). Within the framework of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development, the new urban agenda and the changing national reconstruction plan.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1883
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by Jaime Alfredo Alarcón Zambrano
2021 , 2(2);    72 Views
Abstract The purpose of this work is to compare and analyze the two opposite urban development models of compact city and decentralized city through five axes, and determine which model is most suitable to promote urban coexistence and sustainability. Therefore, this paper makes a literature study on the coexistence and sustainability of cities and the characteristics of the two urban development models of compact cities and decentralized cities. The two models are compared and distinguished through five axes, so that they can be compared under the variables of coexistence and sustainability. In the most revealing survey results, it pointed out that compact cities are the most appropriate urban development model. Therefore, under the principles of compatibility, solidarity and sustainability, cities are not only a “living space”, but also a “space for living together”. The main conclusion is that in order to achieve urban coexistence and sustainability, a relevant urban development model and citizen commitment are needed.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1885
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by Sonia Emilia Leyva Ricardo, José Armando Pancorbo Sandoval, Bolívar Josué Encarnación Fernández, Renato Patricio Erazo Rivera, Ramiro Lapeña Sanz
2021 , 2(2);    57 Views
Abstract Natural and man-made disasters, including terrorism, pose very complex challenges to urban management decision makers at the international level, who must respond correctly without adequate economic and technological resources. Therefore, it is important to consider urban resilience actions as a cohesive factor conducive to appropriate land planning. Starting with the multidisciplinary research of the autumnal equinox Technical University and based on the sustainable and emergency urban approach initiative proposed by the Inter-American Development Bank, as a public tool for the urban development of the county, the urban resilience improvement plan of La Concordia County of Ecuador was formulated. As the main conclusion, this study reveals the importance of urban elasticity in urban development planning, and proves the effectiveness of multidisciplinary research in urban development planning and construction.
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Open Access
Original research article
Article ID: 1886
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by Sergio A. Molina-Murillo
2021 , 2(2);    56 Views
Abstract The present report is based on the consideration of the environmental, economic and social challenges facing urban and rural areas in Latin America, many of which are the result of structural and structural changes experienced by the region in recent decades. The main purpose of this document is to demonstrate the urgent need to link urban and rural space to meet the challenges that will move the Latin American region towards sustainable development. Focus on ecological areas, such as resilient urban-rural systems that interact in a sustainable manner. This is reflected in the author’s experience and the cases recorded in the literature. To this end, an integrated approach is proposed between natural (ecosystems) and socio-economic components (communities) in rural and urban areas and between them, characterized by semi rural and semi urban arrangements. As a conclusion, a reform is proposed to overcome the adaptive sectoral actions in the current development model, which is characterized by exclusivity, inefficiency and unsustainability.
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Open Access
Review article
Article ID: 1884
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by José Zamorano Wisnes
2021 , 2(2);    56 Views
Abstract This paper aims to study the behavior in the urban environment. In the city, because any intervention in the city will have a global impact on it, it reflects the rights of the city, as the right of citizens to participate in determining their future, in order to achieve a fairer order of things. On the other hand, the issue of incorporating the concept of sustainable development into our law is being studied, which means promoting action in the urban environment, focusing on the restoration, regeneration and reform of existing cities rather than the construction of new cities. In this regard, mainstreaming sustainable development means a Copernican transformation of land policy, which is no longer a resource, but the first natural resource as always. As mentioned earlier, actions in the urban environment include restoration and renewal. Therefore, the focus of the work is to study the so-called actions in the urban environment. Through these actions, we can innovate urban planning and occupy free or public space to improve accessibility. House, wait. There is little originality in the legal system, while the provisions on the participation and implementation of actions strongly review the compensation system of urban legislation, and finally study urban recovery operations and relocation and return operations.
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Open Access
Editorial
Article ID: 1877
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by Najimu Adeniyi Adetoro
2021 , 2(2);    44 Views
Abstract In modern society, we are getting pretty familiar with a word: sustainability. Broadly, sustainability refers to the ability to maintain some substances or support some processes continuously as time goes by.
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