About This Journal

Smart Tourism (ST) is an open-access peer-reviewed journal. ST focuses on the application of modern intelligent technology in tourism management, tourism service, tourism marketing, etc. The journal also pays attention to some new technologies such as cloud computing, and the internet, which perceive tourism-related information with the help of portable terminal Internet devices to arrange or adjust tourism plans in time. It is the real-time interaction between tourists and the Internet, which makes the tour arrangement enter the touch era. It will also inspire new ideas on policy formulation, the prosperity of villages, cultural protection, etc.

The journal welcomes all relevant submissions of original research articles, case reports, reviews, etc. Those articles that make constructive contributions to theory, technology, and methods are welcomed.

Focus and Scope

Smart Tourism (ST) is an open-access peer-reviewed journal. ST focuses on the application of modern intelligent technology in tourism management, tourism service, tourism marketing, etc. The journal also pays attention to some new technologies such as cloud computing, and the internet, which perceive tourism-related information with the help of portable terminal Internet devices to arrange or adjust tourism plans in time. It is the real-time interaction between tourists and the Internet, which makes the tour arrangement enter the touch era. It will also inspire new ideas on policy formulation, the prosperity of villages, cultural protection, etc.

The journal welcomes all relevant submissions of original research articles, case reports, reviews, etc. Those articles that make constructive contributions to theory, technology, and methods are welcomed.

The topics of the journal include, but are not limited to:

  1. Tourism perception
  2. Technologies and equipment in tourism perception
  3. Perception platform and system
  4. Network system of perception
  5. Organization and management of smart tourism
  6. Platform of smart tourism
  7. Recommendation system of smart tourism
  8. Climate system of smart tourism
  9. Cultural relic protection detection system
  10. Travel planning
  11. Special recommendation for tourism
  12. Handheld tourism

For Authors

  • APASCI upholds the spirit of strict adherence to high ethical standards. This is consistent with APASCI’s mission of publishing high-quality articles and promoting open scientific exchanges globally. APASCI follows the Ethical Oversight Guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) in overseeing the publication process, as well as the activities of APASCI journals, editors, and reviewers.

    APASCI and all the editors adhere to the following guidelines:

    1. Core Practices and Best Practice Guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE);

    2. Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and World Association of Medical Editors (WAME).

    3. Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals from the International Committee of Medical Journals Editors (ICMJE).

    APASCI is committed to protecting the privacy of its contributors and promises not to disclose personal information to third parties without permission, unless for necessary purposes of the publishing process or required by law.

    APASCI takes allegations of misconduct (refer to the Misconduct Policy for more details) seriously and will launch an immediate investigation by a group of investigation members. Decisions will be made by the investigation group based on clear evidence, and the authors will be informed. If there is any appeal against the decision, it must be made to the publisher within 14 days of the decision date, or else actions will be taken after 14 days. The decision on the appeal is final.

    Any complaints and appeals against APASCI journals and editors can be directed to the publisher at editorial_office@apacsci.com, and APASCI follows COPE guidelines in handling all complaints and appeals.

  • Authors should read the “Author Guidelines” before making a submission, and make sure that the manuscripts were written in accordance to the style and specifications of the journal’s policy.

    All manuscripts submitted to this journal are subject to rigorous peer review. Prior to the peer review process, the manuscripts will be screened for acceptable English language, novelty and relevance to the Focus and Scope of the journal.

    Any manuscripts submitted to this journal will be treated as confidential materials. The manuscripts will not be disclosed to anyone except individuals such as editorial staff, reviewers and editors who participate in the initial screening, review, processing and preparation of the manuscript for publication (if accepted).

    A manuscript would not be accepted if it has been published or is currently under consideration for publication in any other journals. The authors are required to notify the editorial team if the findings and data in their submissions have been presented in conferences.

  • Authors are required to declare any potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial). Any agreements with study sponsors (for-profit or non-profit), such as those that interfere with the authors’ access to the study’s data or with the authors’ ability to analyze or interpret the data and to publish manuscripts independently according to their own decision, should be avoided by authors at all costs.

    APASCI also requires reviewers and editors to declare any (potential) non-financial conflicts of interest and declare any unpaid roles or relations that may influence the decision on the manuscript’s publication. These include, but are not limited to, unpaid roles in a governmental or non-governmental organization, unpaid roles in an advocacy or lobbying organization, and unpaid advisory positions in a commercial organization.

    In addition, reviewers and editors must disclose any association that poses a conflict of interest in connection with the manuscript. Examples are personal or work-related relationships with one of the authors or the reviewer is on the authors’ avoidance list.

  • Following COPE guidelines, APASCI will not accept any misconduct behaviors that may mislead researchers.


    Plagiarism is not acceptable. Using the content from one’s own previously published articles without proper citation is also considered plagiarism. APASCI adopts Crossref Similarity Check (powered by iThenticate) for checking the originality of submissions. Manuscripts with a high similarity index may be rejected.

    Fabrication and falsification

    Fabrication and falsification of data or images will mislead researchers. APASCI strongly opposes such practices and will reject suspicious submissions.

    Duplicate submission

    Duplicate submission of a manuscript that has been published or submitted to other journals at the same time will not be considered.

  • Correction

    Authors are responsible for approving the final version of their manuscript and they should avoid any errors prior to publishing. In the case of errors that occur in a published article and have no influence on research results, APASCI will issue a correction/erratum.

    Authors, readers, and editors are encouraged to report any errors found in published papers. Please contact the editorial office of the particular journal.


    Based on COPE guidelines, the following conditions can lead to the retraction of a published article:

    • Unreliable findings
    • Plagiarism
    • Published elsewhere without proper attribution to previous sources, disclosure to the editor, permission to republish, or justification
    • Containing material or data without the authorization for use
    • Infringement of copyright, violation of privacy, or other legal issues
    • Unethical research
    • Dubious peer review processes
    • Failing to disclose a major competing interest

    If any of the above misconduct proved to be true, a retraction notice will be issued with the reason, while the PDF of the retracted article will be watermarked with “Retracted”. The journal editors will inform the authors of the retraction.

    Paid Article Processing Charges will not be refunded to the authors if retraction occurs.


    Although not encouraged, authors can initiate the withdrawal of their submission before and during the peer review process by providing the reason. However, authors should note that a penalty fee of US$200 will be imposed for the withdrawal of a submission undergoing the peer review process due to the spent efforts on the evaluation of the manuscript by the editors and reviewers. Upon the approval of submission withdrawal, the submission will be removed from the journal’s operation system, and the authors be informed.

    Accepted articles and articles in press may also be withdrawn due to infringements of professional ethical codes (similar reasons to those for retraction).

  • The language of all manuscripts must be English (either British or American) and non-English words should be used sparingly. Poor English may lead to article rejection. Authors are encouraged to seek language polishing by a native English speaker or a professional editing service.

  • APASCI allows authors to post preprints of the manuscript of their original research articles (limited to only this type of article) on community preprint servers, such as arXiv, bioRxiv, and PeerJ Preprint, prior to or simultaneous with their manuscript submission to APASCI journals. Authors retain the copyright of the manuscript posted on a preprint server.

    Authors should inform the editors of the preprint version of their submitted manuscript in a cover letter, as well as provide any associated accession numbers or DOIs. Revised versions per the result of the peer review process and accepted versions for publication should not be posted on a preprint server.

    Upon publication of the article, APASCI encourages authors to link the article in the preprint server to the journal site, so as to guide readers to access and refer to the final version of the article.

  • Based on the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), authorship should be limited to those who meet the following four criteria:

    1. Contributed substantially to the conception or design of the manuscript or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the manuscript; AND
    2. Drafted the manuscript or reviewed it critically for significant intellectual content; AND
    3. Have final approval of the version to be published; AND
    4. Agreed to be responsible for the manuscript in ensuring that problems relating to the accuracy or completeness of any part of the manuscript are appropriately investigated and resolved.

    Individuals who do not meet the above four criteria should not be listed as authors but should be acknowledged. Authors should disclose whether artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted technologies were used in the preparation of their manuscripts and how they used them. Authors should also report the use of AI for writing assistance in the Acknowledgment section. AI tools should not be used in sections that rely on human intellectual analysis, such as data interpretation and conclusion summarization.

    Changes to Authorship

    Authorship changes (addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names) should be made before the acceptance of the manuscript. Confirmation from all authors (including existing authors and author(s) to be added and/or removed) should be provided to the editorial office of the journal, together with the reason for such changes. Changes can be made after the approval of the journal.

  • The opinions, statements, methods, results, and data in APASCI’s published articles are those of the authors and do not reflect the opinions of APASCI and its editors. APASCI disclaims responsibility for any injury to people or property resulting from any ideas, methods, or products referred to in the articles or advertisements.
  • Authors contributing to APASCI journals retain the copyright.

    All articles published by this journal are licensed under the Creative Commons International Licenses. Without any explicit request from the corresponding author during the submission stage, a paper will be published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) by default. Authors who would like to publish their work under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), should express their request during the submission stage. Please include the statement below in the "Comments for the Editor column" on the submission page:

    The contributors or authors for this submission entitled “[MANUSCRIPT TITLE]”, i.e. [NAMES of ALL AUTHORS], have given their consents to alter the Creative Commons License to *CC BY-NC 4.0* under which this submission will be published in Smart Tourism.

    1. APASCI reserves the right to accept or refuse advertising.
    2. Advertisements must comply with relevant rules and laws in the country where they will appear.
    3. Advertisements should be clearly legible and advertisers identifiable.
    4. Advertisements should never influence the content of each journal and editorial decisions.
    5. APASCI disclaims responsibility for any damages resulting from advertisements in its journals.

    For any advertisement queries, please contact APASCI at editorial_office@apacsci.com.

  • APASCI’s publishing model is open access. Open access enables readers to freely access and download articles immediately after publication online. APASCI charges authors article processing charges (APCs) so as to cover operation costs, such as those arising from the evaluation and production processes. APCs should be paid upon the acceptance of articles and ahead of publication.

    APCs of Smart Tourism are US$800.

    Waiver and Discount Policy

    APASCI believes there should be no barriers to the dissemination of knowledge, and thus APASCI offers APC waivers and discounts to authors from low-income countries and authors with special circumstances. Authors should write to the editorial office of the specific journal to apply for waivers and discounts. The decision to approve such applications is made by the editorial office on a case-by-case basis.

    • All the articles published online will be archived in Portico for long-term digital preservation.
    • Authors are encouraged to self-archive the final version of their published articles into institutional repositories (such as those listed in the Directory of Open Access Repositories).
    • Authors are also encouraged to use the final PDF version published on the website of Smart Tourism.

    Smart Tourism has been indexed and archived in National Library Board of Singapore, Scilit, GoogleScholar, Crossref, and  EuroPub, and the journal aims to be included in the first-class academic databases in the world, such as WoS, Scopus, Inspec, and EI.

  • Researchers using an Artificial Intelligence Generated Content (AIGC)  tool/service to directly generate the manuscript text must provide clear disclosures and statements, otherwise it will be considered academic misconduct. The journal allows the use of an AIGC tool/service for text embellishment and automatic sorting of references, but does not recommend the use of the AIGC tool/service in the thinking and concluding sessions of human involvement such as data analysis and interpretation, opinion hypothesis and conclusions, and the AIGC tool/service cannot fulfill the role of a textual author. If any part of the manuscript was written using an AIGC tool/service, it must be described openly, transparently, and in detail in the Methods or Acknowledgments section, for example:

    "In the preparation of this work, the authors used the [name of the specific AIGC tool/service] to [purpose of use: e.g., literature research/text embellishment, etc.]. After using this tool/service, the authors reviewed and edited the content as needed, and take full responsibility for the content of the publication."

  • Smart Tourism adopts and follows the rules of International System of Units (SI) for physical quantities and units of measurement. For example:

    • Quantities including time, length, mass, electric current, etc., should be written as s (second), m (metre), kg (kilogram), A (ampere) after metric numbers.
    • Adopt unified format for the same unit of measurement.
  • The Section Collection program has been driven by Asia Pacific Academy of Science Pte. Ltd. for a new chance to run an open access journal. This program aims to collect multidisciplinary topics, and concentrate authors from diverse research fields to focus on a special theme. It is great attempt to develop new ideas and applications. Section editorial team is composed of many scientists whose research fields covering various interests. They all supervise the implementation of the program, and the editorial process must comply with editorial policies of the journal.

    A Section Collection is usually launched by an expert with great trust among peers and invited by the Editorial Office, or scholars could apply a section collection. Section Editors are representatives focusing on a theme from multidisciplinary topics. They have different research background, and gather to initiate new ideas and collaborations. Great responsibilities of Section Editors include:

    • Preparing the title, summary, keywords, submission deadline, etc.
    • Preparing a potential contributors’ list.
    • Suspecting and contributing to the editorial progress, including but not limited to the initial screening, and the peer-reviewed process.

     Workflow of Section Collection

    Manuscripts should be submitted to Open Journal Systems (OJS) and go through a double-blinded peer-reviewed process (refer to Peer Review Policy).

  • Author Guidelines

    Before submitting to the journal, authors should read through the author guidelines for preparing their manuscript. Starting in 2024, a new layout style will be applied, so please download the new manuscript template

    Manuscript Format

    The manuscript should be in MS Word or LaTeX format. The language of all manuscripts must be English (either British or American) and non-English words should be used sparingly. Poor English may lead to article rejection. Authors are encouraged to seek language polishing by a native English speaker or a professional editing service.

    Article Types

    Please refer to the Section Policy for choosing an appropriate type.

    Cover Letter

    Authors should attach a cover letter together with the article text. A cover letter should contain a brief explanation of the significance of their work and the intention of doing the work. The cover letter is confidential and will be read only by the editors. It will not be seen by the reviewers.

    Article Title

    Titles should be no more than 50 words, with significant and attractive information for readers. Titles should not include uncommon jargons, abbreviations, and punctuation.

    List of Authors

    The list of authors should be arranged based on the level of their contribution, with the major contributor listed first. Corresponding authors should be marked with an asterisk (*). Affiliation information should be provided with the following elements: department, institution, city, postal code (if available), and country. The email address of at least one corresponding author must be provided. All authors must approve the final version of the manuscript and agree with the submission. For more information about authorship, please refer to our Authorship Policy.

    Abstract and Keywords

    Depending on the article type, an abstract should be provided, which gives a concise summary of the article. It is usually a single paragraph of about 200–250 words maximum. Between 5–8 keywords should be included. Words and phrases in article titles should be avoided as keywords.


    The text of manuscripts should be in MS Word or LaTeX format. Original research articles should include the Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion (optional) sections.

    Section Headings

    Headings are used to indicate the hierarchy of the sections of the text. No more than three levels of headings should be employed. The first level of heading should be numbered as 1., 2., 3., 4. in boldface. Likewise, the second and third levels of headings should also be in boldface, for example, 1.1., 1.2., 1.1.1., 1.1.2.


    The introduction should provide a background that gives the broad readership an overall outlook on the field and the research performed. It pinpoints a problem and states the significance of the study. The introduction can conclude with a brief statement on the aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.

    Materials and Methods

    This section provides the general experimental design and methodologies used. The aim is to provide enough details for other investigators to fully replicate the experiments. It is also to facilitate a better understanding of the results obtained.


    This section can be divided into subheadings. This section focuses on the results of the experiments performed.


    This section should provide the significance of the results and identify the impact of the research in a broader context. It should not be redundant or similar to the content of the Results section.

    Conclusion (Optional)

    The conclusion section can only be used for interpretation, and not be used to summarize information already presented in the text or abstract.

    Figures and Tables

    Figures (photographs, images, graphs, charts, and schematic diagrams) and tables should be referred to within the main text and numbered consecutively as Figure 1Figure 2Table 1Table 2, etc. They should be placed as close as possible to where they are first cited and center-aligned. Both figure captions and table captions should be center-aligned, with figure captions set underneath the figures and table captions above the tables. When captions are longer than one line, they should be left-aligned.

    Figures can contain multiple panels. They should be numbered by Latin letters with parentheses, e.g., (a)(b)(c), or (A)(B)(C), placed below the image or within the image.

    Tables should be in MS Word/Excel table format. Tables containing too much information can be provided as supplementary material.

    In the main text, all figures and tables should be cited, e.g., “Table 1 indicates…”, “Figures 1 and shows…”, and “Figure 1a,b shows…”.

    Lists and Equations

    Both bulleted lists and numbered lists are acceptable (refer to the template). Equations should be center-aligned and equation numbers should be right-aligned. If cited in the text, equations should be labeled with numbers in parentheses, e.g., Equation (1).

    In-Text Citations

    All bibliographical references that make an important contribution to the article should be numbered according to the appearance order. When cited in the text, the number should be placed in square brackets, for example:

    • Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3,4].
    • This effect has been widely studied [1–5,7].

    Appendix (Optional)

    An appendix provides information supplementary to an article and is included at the end of the article after the References section and it should start on a new page. For one appendix, it is designated as “Appendix”; for more than one appendix, they are designated “Appendix A”, “Appendix B”, etc.

    An appendix should be cited in the main text. Tables, figures, and equations should be started with the prefix A (i.e., Figure A1, Figure A2, Table A1, etc.).

    Back Matter

    The sequence of back matter elements in an article is listed below. There is no numeral label for back matter headings. Some of these elements are optional.

    Supplementary materials (Optional)

    The Supplementary Materials section provides a short description of the supplementary materials. One or more individual supplementary files are allowed and should be submitted in Step 4 during submission. These materials are relevant to the manuscript but remain non-essential to readers’ understanding of the article’s main content. Please ensure the names of such files contain “suppl. info”. Videos may be included in this section.

    Author contributions

    For original research articles, this section is required, except when there is only one author for the article. The contribution of each co‐author should be reported in this section.

    The following statements should be used “Conceptualization, XX and YY; methodology, XX; software, XX; validation, XX, YY and ZZ; formal analysis, XX; investigation, XX; resources, XX; data curation, XX; writing—original draft preparation, XX; writing—review and editing, XX; visualization, XX; supervision, XX; project administration, XX; funding acquisition, YY. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.”

    Funding (Optional)

    Authors can acknowledge financial support in this section, which is NOT mandatory. If authors provide a funding statement, it should be in the same style as the template.

    For example:

    “This research was funded by [name of funder] grant number [xxx]” and “The APC was funded by [XXX]”. Please check carefully that the details given are accurate and that the standard spelling of the funding agency’s name in https://search.crossref.org/funding is used, as any errors may affect the authors’ future funding.

    Acknowledgments (Optional)

    Authors can acknowledge any support and contribution that cannot be included in the Author Contributions and Funding sections. This section is NOT mandatory.

    Conflict of interest

    According to our Conflict of Interest Policy, all authors are required to declare all activities that have the potential to be deemed as a source of competing interest in relation to their submitted manuscript. Examples of such activities include personal or work-related relationships and events. Authors who have nothing to declare should add “No conflict of interest was reported by all authors” or “The authors declare no conflict of interest” in this section.


    This section is compulsory and should be placed at the end of the manuscript. Footnotes or endnotes should not replace a reference list. The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications should be excluded from this section.

    The format of author names should be “Last-Name Initial”, e.g., David Smith should be written as Smith D.


    Journals in English:

    • Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al. Title of the article. Journal Name. Year, Volume(Issue) (if available): Firstpage–Lastpage. doi (if available)

    Journals in languages other than English:

    • Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al. English title of the article (original language). Journal Name. Year, Volume(Issue) (if available): Firstpage–Lastpage. doi (if available)


    A book without editors:

    • Author AA, Author BB. Chapter (optional). Title of the Book, Edition (if available). Publisher; Year. pp. Page range (optional).

    A book with editors:

    • Author AA, Author BB. Title of the contribution. In: Editor CC, Editor DD (editors). Title of the Book, Edition (if available). Publisher; Year. Volume (optional), pp. Page range (optional).

    For a translated book, the translators’ names should be placed after the editors’ names: “Translator AA (translator)” or “Translator AA, Translator BB (translators)”.

    If the editors and translators are the same, the format should be as follows:

    • Author AA, Author BB. Title of the contribution. In: Editor CC, Editor DD (editors and translators). Title of the Book, Edition (if available). Publisher; Year. Volume (optional), pp. Page range (optional).


    Full citations of published abstracts (proceedings):

    In most cases, proceedings will be simply called “Proceedings of the Name of the Conference (full name)” without a book title. In this case, please only add the conference name in the proceedings’ title and keep that in regular font (i.e., do not italicize):

    • Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al. Title of presentation. In: Proceedings of the Name of the Conference; Date of Conference (Day Month Year) (if available); Location of Conference (City, Country) (if available). Abstract Number (optional), Pagination (optional).

    If the proceedings are published as a book with a separate title (i.e., not “Proceedings of the Name of the Conference (full name)” as the title), the book title should be included:

    • Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of presentation. In: Editor DD, Editor EE (editors) (if available). Title of Collected Work, Proceedings of the Name of the Conference; Date of Conference (Day Month Year) (if available); Location of Conference (City, Country) (if available). Publisher; Year. Abstract Number (optional), Pagination (optional).

    Oral presentations without published material:

    • Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of presentation (if any). Presented at the Name of Conference; Date of Conference (Day Month Year) (if available); Location of Conference (City, Country) (if available); Paper number (if available).


    • Author AA. Title of Thesis [Level of thesis]. Degree‐Granting University; Year.

    The level of thesis can be called “XX thesis” or “XX dissertation”. Thesis types include but are not limited to the following:

    • PhD thesis
    • Master’s thesis
    • Bachelor’s thesis
    • Licentiate thesis
    • Diploma thesis


    • Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, et al. Title of article. Title of Periodical, Complete Date, Pagination (if available).


    • Patent Owner AA, Patent Owner BB, Patent Owner CC. Title of Patent. Patent Number, Date (Day Month Year, the Application granted date).

    Unpublished work

    • Author AA, Author BB. Title of unpublished work. Journal Title. Year (if available); Phrase Indicating Stage of Publication (submitted, in press, etc.).

    Online resources

    • Author (if available). Title of content (if available). Available online: http://URL (accessed on Day Month Year).

    For a homepage, the access date is not required.

  • Authors contributing to this journal agree to publish their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear. With this license, authors hold the copyright without restrictions and are allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions as long as this journal is the original publisher of the articles.

  • Asia Pacific Academy of Science Pte. Ltd. (APASCI) is devoted to protecting authors’ privacy. With APASCI’s privacy policy, authors can rest assured of their privacy in collaborating with APASCI.

    1. Personal information

    APASCI collects personal information when individuals register on a journal site (e.g., as an author), when the editorial office helps them register (e.g., as a reviewer), or when they communicate with APASCI or subscribe to APASCI notifications. Information, including name, title, affiliation, country, and e-mail address, will be treated as private and only used for activities involving manuscript processing. APASCI will not disclose any personal information to third parties. This policy also applies to the information of the co-authors of submissions.

    APASCI collects some other information when individuals visit the APASCI website, such as log data, device information, IP address, time of visit, and visitor interaction. These data are used for optimizing APASCI’s service, gathering statistics on articles, and promoting the APASCI website.

    Registered individuals can access their accounts or make corrections to their personal information. They also have the right to request APASCI to delete their information.

    2. Third-party links

    APASCI is not responsible for any consequences caused when visitors to the APASCI website are linked or directed to a third-party website.

    3. Contact APASCI

    For any questions regarding APASCI’s privacy policy, please send an email to editorial_office@apacsci.com.

Article Processing Charges (APCs)

APASCI’s publishing model is open access. Open access enables readers to freely access and download articles immediately after publication online. APASCI charges authors article processing charges (APCs) so as to cover operation costs, such as those arising from the evaluation and production processes. APCs should be paid upon the acceptance of articles and ahead of publication.

APCs of Smart Tourism are US$800.

Waiver and Discount Policy

APASCI believes there should be no barriers to the dissemination of knowledge, and thus APASCI offers APC waivers and discounts to authors from low-income countries and authors with special circumstances. Authors should write to the editorial office of the specific journal to apply for waivers and discounts. The decision to approve such applications is made by the editorial office on a case-by-case basis.

APC Payment

Payments for APC of this journal can be made through our online PayPal payment gateway. Enter the article no. into the below textbox and select "Pay Now" to proceed with payment.

*Article No.

*Article No. is mandatory for payment and it can be found on the acceptance letter issued by the Editorial Office. Payment without indicating Article No. will result in processing problem and delay in article processing. Please note that payments will be processed in USD. You can make payment through Masters, Visa or UnionPay card.

Latest Articles
Open Access
José Manuel Mas, Kathrin Jaszus, Andrés Gómez, Fernando García Monleon
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2463; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2463
Article lD: 2463

The importance of the image of the tourist destination in the communication and marketing of a tourist destination is beyond doubt. For this reason, numerous studies address these issues. However, not so many do so from the perspective of the emotion the receiver feels, which is why this study deals with analyzing the emotion generated in the receiver through neuromarketing techniques and measuring the level of engagement felt. As a fundamental part of this study, we added the variable of cultural differences, both generically and specifically for gender and age. We are mainly guided by the theories of Life Cycle Theory and Generational Theory to analyze age differences. At the same time, gender differences are approached from the Gender Role Theory. The sample comprises hundred individuals with apparent cultural differences, one sample of German origin and residence and the other of Spanish origin and residence, 50/50. We approached the study from the point of view of the emotion felt by the receiver of the message based on ten neuromarketing techniques (EGG) and ten images used by a famous tourist destination known in both countries. The results suggest that not only are there differences in the emotion felt after viewing images of a tourist destination, but that these differences are also explained by cultural background, gender, and age.

read more
Open Access
Bruno Marques
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2491; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2491
Article lD: 2491

The internationally adopted definition of tourism prompts to develop a systemic dynamic approach of tourism development. The paper proposes to conceptualize tourism development as a system interlinking three agents: transport, domestic tourism activities and the visitor; generating three types of development tourism development dynamics. In a second step, it uses this framework to develop, with a minimalist set of hypotheses, a capacity-based model enabling to consider destination tourism development as a microfounded supply-driven systemic dynamic process. Through the lens of the model, exhaustion or asymmetric distribution of market power may halt destination tourism development. Using the model’s framework, the structuring forces of the Tourism Area Life Cycle (TALC) are explained by the dual impact of capacity dynamics: accelerating by increasing arrivals, and at the same time decelerating by declining price elasticities.

read more
Open Access
Said Muzambiq, Robert Sibarani, Zaid Perdana Nasution, Gustanto Gustanto
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2517; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2517
Article lD: 2517

Geoheritage is recognized as a component of cultural heritage, especially in the Toba Caldera Geopark area. The aim of the research is to determine the relationship between geoheritage and cultural heritage in the concept of abiotic ecosystems. The research method used in this research is empirical juridical or non-doctrinal with a sociological/empirical approach using a non-positivist approach, including reference studies and observations. The research results describe sarcophagi and megaliths carved from Toba tuff rock estimated to be 73,500 years old during the Pleistocene period and andesite lava 33,000 years old from the eruption of the Toba volcano.

read more
Open Access
Mohammad Shahidul Islam
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2534; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2534
Article lD: 2534

This commentary critically examines the integration of Smart Tourism technologies within the tourism and hospitality sectors, focusing on their role in enhancing tourist experiences and operational efficiencies. Through a multidisciplinary approach encompassing a literature review, case studies, and empirical data analysis, the analysis adopts a constructivist perspective to explore tourists’ subjective experiences with technology. It highlights significant personalization, efficiency, and sustainability advancements while acknowledging challenges related to digital infrastructure and privacy concerns. Advocating for a balanced and sustainable approach that respects environmental integrity and cultural heritage, the commentary concludes with recommendations for future research on the socio-economic impacts of Smart Tourism, ethical data usage, and the adaptation of technologies to diverse contexts. It calls for increased investment in digital infrastructure and stakeholder collaborative efforts to promote sustainable and inclusive tourism development.

read more
Open Access
Mohammad Sayed Noor, Narariya Dita Handani
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2485; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2485
Article lD: 2485
This study conducted an analysis of 1500 user generated content from Google Travel to examine the factors influencing airport services and customer perceptions. Quantitative textual analysis is employed to extract meaningful insights. Our findings highlighted the most frequently used words in airport user generated content, reflecting critical aspects of airport experiences such as the airport itself, the quality of service, and international travel. A cluster analysis revealed five distinct clusters, representing flight operations, location, views, customer feelings, and intangible services. A co-occurrence network analysis showed strong correlations among keywords associated with positive experiences, underscoring the importance of service quality and infrastructure in customer satisfaction. Furthermore, through topic modeling, we categorized words into five distinct groups: airport flights, ground services, international services, customer experience, and location. The practical implications of this study are substantial. The insights can help airport management identify strengths and areas needing improvement, ultimately enhancing customer satisfaction and the overall airport experience.
read more
Open Access
Tanya Arenas, Julián Patiño, Miguel Ángel Martínez, Humberto Dorantes, Mauricio Chávez
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2495; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2495
Article lD: 2495

Nowadays hyperconnectivity provides an opportunity for tourism industry to benefit from big data analytics as determining competitive factor, for decision making, product design and assertive marketing strategies for target segments; but at the same time, having financial, organizational and personal information stored in cyberspace and available to many users makes vulnerable to security risks like phishing and hacking, both common cybercrimes that affect tourism sector. This paper, introduces representation and model design stages of our own methodology based on self-organization approach that we propose to reinforce cybersecurity in tourism, as part of a research project founded by National Council for Science and Technology postdoctoral scholarship for Mexico.

read more
Open Access
Irhanida Abdul Kadir, Leon Ni Chew
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2477; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2477
Article lD: 2477

This research explores the untapped tourism potential of three tranquil villages in Bukit Tengah, Penang, Malaysia. Its overarching strategy is to foster sustainability and economic growth, particularly in the B40 communities of the area. Employing mixed-methods research, the study evaluates tourism products through systematic weighted scoring, questionnaire surveys, and interviews with key informants and tourism stakeholders. The sustainable development theory is used in this study as a conceptual framework for rural tourism development, emphasising the integration of economic, social, and environmental dimensions to ensure long-term viability and benefits for local communities. The results indicate the latent potential for rural tourism development in the three villages, contingent upon garnering local support and collaborating with tourism stakeholders. The study highlights the capacity of rural tourism promotion in generating additional income for the local population, thus promoting both environmental sustainability and community well-being. These findings align with the state government’s goal of achieving balanced tourism growth between the island and Seberang Prai regions. Moreover, this research also aligns with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 8 and 11, recognising the role of tourism in achieving goals such as poverty reduction, environmental sustainability, and community well-being, all of which are relevant to rural tourism development.

read more
Open Access
Saulius Papečkys, Edmundas Jasinskas
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2484; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2484
Article lD: 2484

The sustainable development of tourism destinations is a continual and evolving process crucial for long-term value and well-being. However, the existing literature reveals a gap in understanding how to effectively evaluate the sustainable development of tourism objects, with a predominant focus on developed countries. This raises concerns about the applicability of similar strategies in underdeveloped nations. This study employs an analysis of the scientific literature to address the identified research problem. We propose a more inclusive and comprehensive approach to sustainable tourism management, aiming to equalize the distribution of economic, social, and cultural dimensions. Our focus is on developing a theoretical evaluation model that goes beyond conventional frameworks and includes both broad and narrow dimensions. The research uncovers that sustainable development, as presented by various authors, encompasses economic benefits, environmental protection, and social dimension management. We introduce a sustainability management model that surpasses existing systems, offering a holistic perspective. Moreover, we emphasize the significance of voluntary publicity for environmental and socio-cultural activities in enhancing a tourism destination’s image and societal value. Our study contributes a theoretical evaluation model based on global criteria for sustainable tourism. This model not only evaluates the dimensions of coherence broadly but also incorporates specific criteria for a nuanced analysis of the current situation and potential opportunities. The proposed framework aims to guide tourism destinations in achieving economic benefits without compromising the environment and prioritizing the well-being of local communities, thus fostering a more sustainable and equitable development process.

read more
Open Access
Terry Theodore Iskandar, Indrapriya Kularatne
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2543; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2543
Article lD: 2543

This research studies Australian travellers’ satisfaction with traditional accommodations in Invercargill, New Zealand and the aim is to explore Australian travellers’ satisfaction with traditional accommodations in this city. This descriptive research uses content analysis based on 256 online reviews gathered from online travel platforms and analysed using quantitative and qualitative methods. The research results distinguish that Australian travellers in Invercargill were mostly couples who stayed two days or less in motels and hotels. The quantitative results indicate that most Australian travellers gave moderate satisfaction ratings, with no significant differences across different accommodation types and traveller categories. The qualitative analysis revealed that Australian travellers generally expressed satisfaction with room, service, and accommodation characteristics but identified areas for improvement, including indoor environment, bathroom, soundproofing, service quality, and certain aspects of accommodation characteristics. The study recommends that managers of traditional accommodations should make improvements based on negative feedback from Australian travellers.

read more
Open Access
José Carlos Collado-González, Alejandro Alcalá-Ordoñez, Pablo Juan Cárdenas-García
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2559; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2559
Article lD: 2559

Currently, within the tourism market, there is a significant number of destinations that offer the same product, especially in the sun and beach market, so the search for competitiveness must be the objective that allows increasing the arrival of tourists to a destination, becoming one of the main pillars on which tourism policies are based. In this context, this paper aims is to ascertain whether there exists a causal relationship between tourism competitiveness and the influx of tourists to destinations. To achieve this, the Granger causality test is utilized, employing the econometric adaptation conducted by Dumitrescu and Hurlin, utilizing a sample of 18 Mediterranean countries spanning from 2007 to 2019. From the analysis carried out, it is highlighted that there is no causal relationship from tourism competitiveness to the number of tourists received, which is an important finding in the countries of the Mediterranean coast, since tourists do not value competitiveness in these destinations.

read more
Open Access
Samikshya Poudel, Devid Kumar Basyal, Niranjan Devkota, Udaya Raj Paudel, Purnima Lawaju, Ranjana Kumari Danuwar
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2561; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2561
Article lD: 2561

Tourism development involves sustainably creating and managing destinations, products, and services that balance economic, social, and environmental factors while meeting visitor and local community expectations. The purpose of this study is to understand the local people’s perception of tourism development in Pokhara, Nepal. An explanatory research design is used to show the cause-and-effect relationship between variables. The research was conducted using Social Exchange Theory (SET). The data was examined using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The sample size was determined to be 403 using non- probability sampling. Structured questionnaire was designed to collect the data using KOBO toolbox. Furthermore, Structure Equation Model (SEM) was as the analytical approach to process the data. Results reveal a noteworthy relationship between independent variables (such as cultural impact, social impact, environmental impact and economic impact) and dependent variable (support for tourism development). The major challenges in tourism development have been identified, including deficient infrastructure, suboptimal tourism strategies and implementation, and inadequate government oversight. Effective mitigation of these challenges necessitates the implementation of appropriate infrastructure and development initiatives, proficient governmental management, and a concerted effort to augment the quantity and quality of hotels and accommodations. The significance of cultural, social, environmental and economic impact cannot be under or overstated in the context of tourism development. Addressing major challenges, the study suggests focused efforts in enhancing infrastructure and development, adopting effective management practices, and augmenting the quantity and quality of hotels and accommodations.

read more
Open Access
Franciane Pereira Gonçalves, Dárlinton Barbosa Feres Carvalho, Vinícius Figueiredo de Faria, Matheus Carvalho Viana, Elverton Carvalho Fazzion, Fábio Corrêa
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2556; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2556
Article lD: 2556

Digital transformation is becoming increasingly essential for developing the global economy. Within this advancement framework lies the tourism industry, where the growing demand from travelers for new experiences drives the search for increasingly technological solutions. Among the many tourism segments are religious, natural, gastronomic, and cultural tourism. These, in turn, seek to offer travelers personalized options based on individual preferences and specific interests. Given the significant growth of Brazilian tourism in recent years, it seems coherent to enhance new technologies that can invigorate the sector. In this regard, this research proposes the development of a mobile application designed to assist users in creating personalized routes in the city of São João del-Rei (Brazil). The study employed design science research with software engineering methods to achieve the desired outcome. The result is the creation of the mobile application called UaiGuia, which provides a distinct approach to exploring the rich culture and tourist attractions in the city of São João del-Rei. The app’s main characteristic is allowing tourists to create routes based on their interests according to the local features. Moreover, access to cultural events, festivals, and other attractions via the application enhances the stay in the city even further, supporting a better immersion in the richness of the region’s heritage.

read more
Open Access
Hassan Ahmadzadeh, Majid Dadashpour Moghaddam
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2502; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2502
Article lD: 2502

This research focuses on identifying and enhancing the capabilities and potentials of urban tourism with the aim of improving the brand image and personality in Tabriz City. The research methodology, given its practical nature, is based on the analytical-survey method. The statistical population includes all city managers and experts in the tourism sector of Tabriz City. The data were analyzed using SPSS software, and the ANP and TOPSIS Fuzzy decision-making models were employed for prioritizing criteria. The results indicate that Tabriz City possesses exceptional tourism power, capacity, and potential. The examination of urban tourism capabilities and potentials in Tabriz demonstrates that its tourism capacity is particularly pronounced in the social, cultural, traditional, historical, and architectural domains. The social and cultural identity index of the city (celebrities, music) with a normalized weight of 0.0277, the presence of historical entities in the city with a normalized weight of 0.0274, the old context with traditional architecture (houses, mosques, etc.) with a normalized weight of 0.0272, great variety in souvenirs and food products with a normalized weight of 0.0271, creating a sense of belonging to a neighborhood among residents with a normalized weight of 0.0270, and special customs in the city (food styles, etc.) with a normalized weight of 0.0270 are among the most important indicators. Therefore, city managers and officials in the tourism sector of Tabriz should pay special attention to the social and cultural capacities and historical and architectural components to introduce Tabriz as a cultural and historical city at both the national and international levels. The tourism planning for Tabriz should be based on the city's cultural, architectural, and historical attractions.

read more
Open Access
Annette Toivonen
Smart. Tour. 2024 , 5(1), 2529; doi: 10.54517/st.v5i1.2529
Article lD: 2529
read more