Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1676
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by Yunhong Gao, Haijie Yin
City. Divers. 2022 , 3(1);    54 Views
Abstract Taking the specific practice of an old city space as an example, this paper distinguishes the positions and practices of three actors in the space: Urban planners, managers and ordinary citizens hold an extreme modernist position, firmly believing that the old urban space needs to be removed and transformed into a new urban order; Citizens living in the old city space hold a more complex and contradictory position. As the bottom group of the city, they pay attention to the exchange value of community space, but it is difficult to change their living conditions, while maintaining the exclusion of the old city space and the floating population; The floating population builds the old urban space into a space for production and life, making it a "settled community" entering the city. Finally, the diverse position and practice of the old city space show its significance of urbanization and its important role in the construction of urban diversity.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1677
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by Wenwu Zhang, Yongze Yu
City. Divers. 2022 , 3(1);    59 Views
Abstract In the context of the new era, people's pursuit of a better life is becoming more and more prominent. The diversity and welfare of urban services will become an important support for attracting labor and optimizing talent structure. This paper uses the "meituan.com" life service classification and the 2017 China floating population dynamic monitoring survey (CMDS) data to study the impact of urban service diversity on labor mobility. The results show that the diversity of urban services will significantly reduce the willingness of migrant population to move out. For every 1% increase in the diversity of service categories, the average probability of labor migration will be reduced by about 3.5% 23%; The impact of urban service diversity has group differences. Younger and highly skilled groups are more sensitive, and the marginal effect can reach 4.5% 62% and 4 03%. Considering the adjustment effect and regional heterogeneity, the expansion analysis further found that the level of urban informatization and marketization has a positive amplification effect on the diversity of service categories to attract and retain talents, especially in the eastern region and large cities with a population of more than 5 million. This study provides policy enlightenment for urban talent attraction and labor competition.
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Open Access
Article
Article ID: 1683
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by Jiayue Liu, Ying Hu
City. Divers. 2022 , 3(1);    48 Views
Abstract Based on the reality of large-scale population mobility brought about by China's urbanization, using the panel data of 268 cities in China in 2012 and 2018, this paper constructs urban cultural diversity indicators from the perspective of labor source, and studies the impact of cultural diversity on urban trade competitiveness and its mechanism Research findings: Cultural diversity and urban trade competitiveness show an inverted "U" relationship The impact of cultural diversity on the trade competitiveness of different cities is different. The administrative level of the city and whether the city is coastal will affect the effect of cultural diversity on the city's trade competitiveness Entrepreneurship is an intermediary variable between cultural diversity and urban trade competitiveness. Specifically, it affects urban trade competitiveness through two channels: entrepreneurial innovation and entrepreneurial entrepreneurship The above results have brought important enlightenment to the interpretation of the relationship between cultural diversity and urban trade competitiveness
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Article
Article ID: 1685
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by Lingzheng Yu, Shiyan Lou, Jiannan Wang, Xiahai Wei
City. Divers. 2022 , 3(1);    57 Views
Abstract Based on the national dynamic monitoring data of floating population, this paper investigates the impact mechanism and effect of immigrant diversity on entrepreneurial choice. The study found that the diversity of immigrants will significantly reduce the probability of individual entrepreneurship. The mechanism is that entrepreneurship itself is a relatively open process. In a complex and diverse city, the interpersonal psychological distance is widened and there is a lack of mutual trust and social identity, so entrepreneurship is significantly restrained In addition, this paper finds that compared with self-employed, entrepreneurs in the form of enterprise employers can benefit from diversity, which indicates that diversity promotes "Schumpeter" entrepreneurship; The impact of diversity will also vary according to educational skills and regional differences This paper empirically reveals the impact of diversity on Immigrant Entrepreneurship decision-making, which can provide profound Policy Enlightenment under the background of "Mobile China"
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Original Research Articles
Article ID: 1960
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by xiangmin He, yongjian Lai
City. Divers. 2022 , 3(1);    32 Views
Abstract Employment is the biggest livelihood of the people. What kind of industrial structure is more conducive to employment creation is an important issue for the government to consider when adjusting the industrial structure. Using enterprise and city data, using a spatial dynamic panel model that takes into account both the dynamic change of dependent variables and the spatial spillover effect, and can overcome the endogenous problem between variables, this paper examines the impact of industry-related diversity and unrelated diversity on urban aggregate employment creation. The study finds that both types of diversity are conducive to urban aggregate employment creation, but the role of related diversity is more prominent in comparison. Urban heterogeneity plays an important role in regulating the employment creation effect of industrial diversity. Among them, urban absorptive capacity strengthens the employment creation effect of the two types of industrial diversity, and is more conducive to promoting the employment creation effect of related diversity. However, the level of Urban Entrepreneurship is only positive for the employment creation effect of unrelated diversity.
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Original Research Articles
Article ID: 1962
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by Yue Pan, Jinli Xiao, Yiyi Dai
City. Divers. 2022 , 3(1);    219 Views
Abstract China has a vast territory. The rich and different regional culture formed over the past 5000 years is an ideal scene for the study of "culture and finance". This paper uses the number of urban dialects and dialect differentiation index to measure regional cultural diversity, and empirically studies its impact on enterprise innovation. The results show that in areas with more diverse cultures, private high-tech enterprises will obtain more innovative output. After using instrumental variables to solve endogenous problems and excluding the impact of educational development, the conclusion of this paper is still robust. Further research also found that the greater the difference between different dialects in the city where the company is located, the greater the population inflow, the better the inclusiveness and the higher the level of intellectual property protection, the more significant the impact of dialect diversity on innovation. The conclusion of this paper will help the academic community to understand the non institutional reasons behind the unbalanced economic development of Chinese cities from a new perspective, and also provide empirical evidence from non immigrant countries with deep cultural heritage for the current international academic research on "culture and finance".
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Original Research Articles
Article ID: 1965
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by Hernández-Martínez Alejandro, Cuartas-Agudelo Yuban Sebastián, Herrera-Almanza Laura, Roldan-Tabares Mabel Dahiana, Martínez-Sánchez Lina María
City. Divers. 2022 , 3(1);    93 Views
Abstract In a multicultural country such as Colombia, ethnoeducation is an important component of health education, because it promotes the quality of life of ethnic minorities based on the community's potential, practices, habits, experiences and approaches that promote overall health awareness. The purpose of this article is to perform a narrative review on the background of ethnoeducation and its impact on health. The development of inter-cultural skills among students in health fields would enable the future professional to perform their roles with adequate cultural relevance, respecting the values, traditions and history of the communities. Topics discussed: Worldwide, ethnoeducation has been highly relevant, and some international organizations have worked on its implementation for decades. In Colombia, several legal and regulatory instruments have been developed to implement ethnoeducation. However, close to 86 % of the ethnic populations do not have access to education in accordance with the established principles. The importance of ethnoeducation has been highlighted in several countries in that it has achieved positive results such as a reduction of morbidity and mortality through educational activities that promote health and help prevent diseases. To achieve this, it is essential that the planned activities be integrated into the communities' cultural perceptions. Conclusion: Although local, national and international guidelines have been established, ethnoeducation continues to be a challenge. It is necessary to increase efforts in order for ethnoeducation to achieve the objectives that have been set out from a theoretical perspective.
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