Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 2183
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by Nazanin Moosavi, Hassan Daryanavard
Comput. Telecommun. Eng. 2023 , 1(1);    197 Views
Abstract Smart energy in large offices and organizations is an important research area of the Internet of Things (IoT). The energy efficiency of buildings is vital for the environment and global sustainability. To achieve satisfactory performance for this goal, WiFi access point (AP) indoor coverage is of high importance. As it costs a lot to add more WiFi to have good coverage in all parts of the office’s buildings, we consider relay node (RN) instead of adding more APs. So in this paper, we propose a novel RN placement in order to improve the indoor coverage of offices considering the signal attenuation using a path-loss model as the main measure for determining positions. The main problem is the placement of these RNs and the required number of them by considering existing APs. At first, we obtain the radio propagation model parameters by considering the data that are collected from the AP. Then based on these parameters, the proposed solution uses a genetic algorithm (GA) for RN placement optimization problem. The experimental results display the effectiveness of the proposed solution for the RN placement problem.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 2321
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by Koteswararao Mallaparapu, Kota Venkata Ramarao
Comput. Telecommun. Eng. 2023 , 1(1);    106 Views
Abstract This paper introduces a new thresholding function that mixes the soft thresholding functions and Smoothly Clipped Absolute Deviation (SCAD) for denoising images using the decimated wavelet transform technique, which is widely popular in various applications. The proposed method is applied to denoise noisy images contaminated with additive white Gaussian noise, employing the Top rule. The efficiency of this new thresholding function is also evaluated within the context of the Translation Invariant method. The results are compared with existing methods such as SCAD, soft thresholding, and the Wiener filter-based denoising approach. Parameters such as Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Peak Signal Noise Ratio (PSNR) are employed to assess the quality of denoising.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 2270
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by Arunima Sharma
Comput. Telecommun. Eng. 2023 , 1(1);    83 Views
Abstract Recently, there has been a gigantic amount of attention that received by blockchain technology. Serving as an entrenched ledger, this technology allows a decentralized transaction. In modern life, numerous fields as applications of blockchain technology are emerging, which includes the Internet of Things (IoT), financial sector services, reputation system, and many more. Due to different properties like auditability, persistency, decentralization, and anonymity. blockchain technology serves extensively in academic and industrial sectors. Issues with security and scalability are the two main concerns that need a solution in regard to this technology. This paper represents a brief overview of blockchain technology. Furthermore, there are different challenges and advantages listed in this paper.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 2319
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by Olabode Idowu-Bismark, Oluseun Oyeleke, Oluwatobiloba Idowu-Bismark
Comput. Telecommun. Eng. 2023 , 1(1);    79 Views
Abstract Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) channel modelling is constantly researched, and the innovation of its three-dimensional (3D) models is the introduction of the elevation domain parameters, in particular the elevation angle of arrival (EOA) and elevation angle of departure (EOD) where their power angle spectrum (PAS) and their angular spread (AS) greatly impact the 3D MIMO performance. PAS is the basic characteristic used to estimate and model angular dispersion in wireless channels. Propagating signal waves are constrained into a path having an angle within which the power is contained. One of the scenes that will have a significant effect on these parameters is the relative height between the BS and the building. They will also depend on the distance between the base station (BS) and the user equipment (UE). In this work, we investigate the effect of distance and height on the power angle spectrum of a street canyon and a high-rise scenario in the urban environment. The wireless Insite X3D ray tracing engine and a 3D digital map of the environment were used for the simulation. It is seen that the elevation power spectrum (EPS) in the elevation domain decreases with distance and height in both scenarios for the arrival and departure. The appearance of multiple peaks leads to a double-normal distribution in the arrival of the high-rise as height increases, which is a result of reflections from multiple clusters. The azimuth power spectrum (APS) in the azimuth domain also decreases with distance and height at the arrival but increases with distance and height at the departure. The result of the power angle spectrum in this work can be used for modelling angular dispersion as well as designing adaptive antennas for wireless communication.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 2324
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by Satyanarayana Chanagala, Romala Sesha Syamala Srinivas, George Chellin Jeya Chandra, Manda Kavitha, Kanduri Madhusudhana Rao
Comput. Telecommun. Eng. 2023 , 1(1);    91 Views
Abstract This paper deals with the design of an automated system to increase the yield of shrimp farming in the country. There are three factors involved in designing an aqua form automation system (AFAS). The first factor is to get the maximum egg to post l arva conversion. The second factor is to make the farming environment contamination-free, and the third factor is to conserve electrical energy, which is the need of the hour for the economy. Several experiments have been conducted to make the system robust, foolproof, and ready for commercial usage. This system has reduced manpower while giving leverage to the consumer in terms of investment.
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Open Access
Original Research Article
Article ID: 2327
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by Huu Quy Tran
Comput. Telecommun. Eng. 2023 , 1(1);    99 Views
Abstract Currently, the pressing issue of spectrum limitation, driven by the increasing demand for wireless communication services, has led to the challenge of co-channel interference (CCI) due to the reuse of frequencies in wireless networks. To address this, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has emerged as a solution. This report conducts a thorough evaluation of NOMA’s system performance over independent and non-identical Rayleigh fading channels in device-to-device (D2D) communications networks, where CCI is significant. The analysis includes examining the probability density function (PDF) and cumulative distribution function (CDF) of the upper SINR threshold. Communication channels are defined as independent and non-identical Rayleigh fading channels, and probability expressions are formulated to assess system failure likelihood for two users. Additionally, Monte-Carlo simulations are conducted to validate the proposed theoretical mathematical expressions.
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Open Access
Review Article
Article ID: 2266
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by Anshu Gaur, Navneet Kumar Agrawal
Comput. Telecommun. Eng. 2023 , 1(1);    103 Views
Abstract Today is a generation of the satellite navigation system and every country needs its own positioning and secured services. GPS invention has given birth to a new era in technology. India in terms of population is highly dense and should have its own navigation system. High-level research is still going on for Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) to be developed for the frequency band L-band (1176.45MHz) and S-band (2492.08 MHz). In this paper, we summarize the attributes characterizing the NavIC antenna which includes patch size, polarization, Fractal attributes, etc. Similarly, the paper gives technical inputs to develop a compact and efficient NavIC antenna system for future L-band and S-band.
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