A review on the role of green vegetation in improving urban environmental quality

Asif Raihan

Article ID: 2387
Vol 4, Issue 2, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.54517/ec.v4i2.2387
VIEWS - 772 (Abstract)


The exacerbation of climate change impacts within metropolitan areas is a well-documented phenomenon, often leading to severe consequences that pose significant risks to human populations. The impact of urban vegetation and planting design on these factors can be observed. However, it is worth mentioning that while there is an extensive body of literature on the consequences of climate change, there is a relatively small number of studies specifically focused on examining the role of vegetation as a mitigating factor in urban environments. This review paper aims to critically examine existing studies pertaining to the role of urban vegetation in mitigating the detrimental effects of the urban environment. The objective is to offer practical recommendations that can be implemented by city planners. By conducting a comprehensive examination of the literature available in Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar, employing specific keywords pertaining to urban vegetation and climate change, we have identified five prominent concerns pertaining to the urban environment. These concerns encompass particulate matter, gaseous pollution, noise pollution, water runoff, and the urban heat island effect. The present analysis highlights that the impact of urban vegetation on the negative consequences of climate change cannot be unequivocally classified as either positive or negative. This is due to the fact that the influence of urban greenery is intricately connected to factors such as the arrangement, makeup, and dispersion of vegetation, as well as the specific management criteria employed. Hence, this research has the potential to enhance comprehension of the multifaceted nature of urban green spaces and establish a solid groundwork for subsequent investigations.


climate change; urban pollution; green vegetation; urban forestry; city resilience; mitigation

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131. Raihan A, Muhtasim DA, Khan MNA, et al. Nexus between carbon emissions, economic growth, renewable energy use, and technological innovation towards achieving environmental sustainability in Bangladesh. Cleaner Energy Systems 2022; 3: 100032. doi: 10.1016/j.cles.2022.100032

132. Raihan A, Ibrahim S, Muhtasim DA. Dynamic impacts of economic growth, energy use, tourism, and agricultural productivity on carbon dioxide emissions in Egypt. World Development Sustainability 2023; 2: 100059. doi: 10.1016/j.wds.2023.100059

133. Raihan A, Voumik LC, Rahman MdH, et al. Unraveling the interplay between globalization, financial development, economic growth, greenhouse gases, human capital, and renewable energy uptake in Indonesia: Multiple econometric approaches. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2023; 30(56): 119117–119133. doi: 10.1007/s11356-023-30552-2

134. Raihan A, Voumik LC, Mohajan B, et al. Economy-energy-environment nexus: The potential of agricultural value-added toward achieving China’s dream of carbon neutrality. Carbon Research 2023; 2(1). doi: 10.1007/s44246-023-00077-x

135. Raihan A, Voumik LC, Yusma N, et al. The nexus between international tourist arrivals and energy use towards sustainable tourism in Malaysia. Frontiers in Environmental Science 2023; 11: 575.

136. Raihan A, Himu HA. Global impact of COVID-19 on the sustainability of livestock production. Global Sustainability Research 2023; 2(2): 1–11. doi: 10.56556/gssr.v2i2.447

137. Voumik LC, Islam MdJ, Raihan A. Electricity production sources and CO2 emission in OECD countries: Static and dynamic panel analysis. Global Sustainability Research 2022; 1(2): 12–21. doi: 10.56556/gssr.v1i2.327

138. Raihan A. The influences of renewable energy, globalization, technological innovations, and forests on emission reduction in Colombia. Innovation and Green Development 2023; 2(4): 100071. doi: 10.1016/j.igd.2023.100071

139. He BJ, Wang J, Zhu J, et al. Beating the urban heat: Situation, background, impacts and the way forward in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2022; 161: 112350. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2022.112350

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141. Raihan A. An econometric evaluation of the effects of economic growth, energy use, and agricultural value added on carbon dioxide emissions in Vietnam. Asia-Pacific Journal of Regional Science 2023; 7(3): 665–696. doi: 10.1007/s41685-023-00278-7

142. Raihan A. An econometric assessment of the relationship between meat consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. Environmental Processes 2023; 10(2). doi: 10.1007/s40710-023-00650-x

143. Raihan A. Economic growth and carbon emission nexus: The function of tourism in Brazil. Journal of Economic Statistics 2023; 1(2). doi: 10.58567/jes01020005

144. Raihan A. Economy-energy-environment nexus: The role of information and communication technology towards green development in Malaysia. Innovation and Green Development 2023; 2(4): 100085. doi: 10.1016/j.igd.2023.100085

145. Raihan A. Nexus between economic growth, natural resources rents, trade globalization, financial development, and carbon emissions toward environmental sustainability in Uruguay. Electronic Journal of Education, Social Economics and Technology 2023; 4(2): 55–65. doi: 10.33122/ejeset.v4i2.102

146. Raihan A. The influence of meat consumption on greenhouse gas emissions in Argentina. Resources, Conservation & Recycling Advances 2023; 19: 200183. doi: 10.1016/j.rcradv.2023.200183

147. Raihan A. Nexus between economy, technology, and ecological footprint in China. Journal of Economy and Technology 2023; 1: 94–107. doi: 10.1016/j.ject.2023.09.003

148. Raihan A. Energy, economy, and environment nexus: New evidence from China. Energy Technologies and Environment 2023; 1(1). doi: 10.58567/ete01010004

149. Raihan A. The influence of tourism on the road to achieving carbon neutrality and environmental sustainability in Malaysia: The role of renewable energy. Sustainability Analytics and Modeling 2024; 4: 100028. doi: 10.1016/j.samod.2023.100028

150. Raihan A. A comprehensive review of artificial intelligence and machine learning applications in energy consumption and production. Journal of Technology Innovations and Energy 2023; 2(4): 1–26. doi: 10.56556/jtie.v2i4.608

151. Raihan A. Nexus between information technology and economic growth: new insights from India. Journal of Information Economics 2023. doi: 10.58567/jie01020003

152. Raihan A. A concise review of technologies for converting forest biomass to bioenergy. Journal of Technology Innovations and Energy 2023; 2(3): 10–36. doi: 10.56556/jtie.v2i3.592

153. Raihan A. An overview of the energy segment of Indonesia: present situation, prospects, and forthcoming advancements in renewable energy technology. Journal of Technology Innovations and Energy 2023; 2(3): 37–63. doi: 10.56556/jtie.v2i3.599

154. Raihan A. A review of tropical blue carbon ecosystems for climate change mitigation. Journal of Environmental Science and Economics 2023; 2(4): 14–36. doi: 10.56556/jescae.v2i4.602

155. Asif Raihan. A comprehensive review of the recent advancement in integrating deep learning with geographic information systems. Research Briefs on Information and Communication Technology Evolution 2023; 9: 98–115. doi: 10.56801/rebicte.v9i.160

156. Raihan A. An overview of the implications of artificial intelligence (AI) in sixth generation (6G) communication network. Research Briefs on Information and Communication Technology Evolution 2023; 9: 120–146.

157. Raihan A, Voumik LC, Nafi SMd, et al. How tourism affects women’s employment in Asian countries: An application of GMM and quantile regression. Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies 2022; 1(4): 57–72. doi: 10.56556/jssms.v1i4.335

158. Raihan A, Begum RA, Said MNM, et al. Relationship between economic growth, renewable energy use, technological innovation, and carbon emission toward achieving Malaysia’s Paris agreement. Environment Systems and Decisions 2022; 42(4): 586–607. doi: 10.1007/s10669-022-09848-0

159. Himu HA, Raihan A. A review of the effects of intensive poultry production on the environment and human health. Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 2023; 11(2): 203.

160. Celuppi MC, Meirelles CRM, Cymrot R, et al. The impact of green spaces on the perception and well-being of the academic population in face of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Amazon and Southeast Brazil. Cities 2023; 141: 104503. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2023.104503

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171. Raihan A, Voumik LC, Esquivias MA, et al. Energy trails of tourism: Analyzing the relationship between tourist arrivals and energy consumption in Malaysia. GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites 2023; 51: 1786–1795. doi: 10.30892/gtg.514spl19-1174

172. Raihan A, Ridwan M, Tanchangya T, et al. Environmental effects of China’s nuclear energy within the framework of environmental Kuznets curve and pollution haven hypothesis. Journal of Environmental and Energy Economics 2023; 2(1): 1–12. doi: 10.56946/jeee.v2i1.346

173. Ridwan M, Raihan A, Ahmad S, et al. Environmental sustainability in France: The role of alternative and nuclear energy, natural resources, and government spending. Journal of Environmental and Energy Economics 2023; 2(2): 1–16.

174. Raihan A, Tanchangya T, Rahman J, et al. The influence of agriculture, renewable energy, international trade, and economic growth on India’s environmental sustainability. Journal of Environmental and Energy Economics 2024; 3(1): 37–53.

175. Raihan A, Zimon G, Alam MM, et al. Nexus between nuclear energy, economic growth, and greenhouse gas emissions in India. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy 2024; 14(2): 172–182. doi: 10.32479/ijeep.15347

176. Raihan A, Voumik LC, Akter S, et al. Taking flight: Exploring the relationship between air transport and Malaysian economic growth. Journal of Air Transport Management 2024; 115: 102540. doi: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2024.102540

177. Raihan A, Bari ABMM. Energy-economy-environment nexus in China: The role of renewable energies toward carbon neutrality. Innovation and Green Development 2024; 3(3): 100139. doi: 10.1016/j.igd.2024.100139

178. Raihan A. A review of the digitalization of the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) toward sustainability. Global Sustainability Research 2024; 3(2): 1–16. doi: 10.56556/gssr.v3i2.695

179. Raihan A. A systematic review of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in agriculture for evidence-based decision making and sustainability. Global Sustainability Research 2024; 3(1): 1–24. doi: 10.56556/gssr.v3i1.636

180. Raihan A. Energy, economy, financial development, and ecological footprint in Singapore. Energy Economics Letters 2024; 11(1): 29–40. doi: 10.55493/5049.v11i1.5027

181. Raihan A. Influences of foreign direct investment and carbon emission on economic growth in Vietnam. Journal of Environmental Science and Economics 2024; 3(1): 1–17. doi: 10.56556/jescae.v3i1.670

182. Raihan A. The interrelationship amid carbon emissions, tourism, economy, and energy use in Brazil. Carbon Research 2024; 3: 11. doi: 10.1007/s44246-023-00084-y

183. Raihan A. Artificial intelligence and machine learning applications in forest management and biodiversity conservation. Natural Resources Conservation and Research 2023; 6(2): 3825. doi: 10.24294/nrcr.v6i2.3825

184. Raihan A. A review of agroforestry as a sustainable and resilient agriculture. Journal of Agriculture Sustainability and Environment 2023; 2(1): 35–58.

185. Sultana T, Hossain MS, Voumik LC, et al. Does globalization escalate the carbon emissions? Empirical evidence from selected next-11 countries. Energy Reports 2023; 10: 86–98. doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2023.06.020

186. Jubair ANM, Rahman MS, Sarmin IJ, et al. Tree diversity and regeneration dynamics toward forest conservation and environmental sustainability: A case study from Nawabganj Sal Forest, Bangladesh. Journal of Agriculture Sustainability and Environment 2023; 2(2): 1–22.

187. Debnath B, Taha MR, Siraj MT, et al. A grey approach to assess the challenges to adopting sustainable production practices in the apparel manufacturing industry: Implications for sustainability. Results in Engineering 2024; 22: 102006. doi: 10.1016/j.rineng.2024.102006

188. Sultana T, Hossain MS, Voumik LC, et al. Democracy, green energy, trade, and environmental progress in South Asia: Advanced quantile regression perspective. Heliyon 2023; 9(10): e20488. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e20488


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