Open Access
Articles
Article ID: 1593
PDF
by Angel L Robertson
Agr. Produc. Sci. 2023 , 1(1);    117 Views
Abstract Agricultural productivity, as an important indicator to measure the performance of agricultural economic growth, has always been a hotspot in academic research. Scholars at home and abroad have used different methods to measure agricultural productivity from different aspects, trying to accurately describe the way and path of modern agricultural economic growth. However, for a long time, the measurement of agricultural productivity is only based on the traditional factors such as capital, labor and land, and seldom takes into account the resources and environmental factors closely related to the sustainable development of agriculture. Based on this, this paper mainly explores the problem of agricultural green total factor productivity. Firstly, it combs the literature related to green agriculture, systematically summarizes the connotation and related theories of green total factor productivity, and analyzes the agricultural development status and development prospects from the perspectives of geographical environment, economic environment, technological capital and system. It provides a theoretical basis for evaluating the growth performance of agricultural economy more accurately, promoting the coordinated development of resource conservation, environmental protection and economic growth in the agricultural related departments.
show more
Open Access
Articles
Article ID: 1594
PDF
by Diane Benavides
Agr. Produc. Sci. 2023 , 1(1);    240 Views
Abstract The development of agriculture has been attracting worldwide attention. At present, in order to realize the transformation from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture and from extensive management to intensive management, the development of agricultural economy mainly depends on the improvement of factor input efficiency, optimization of the combination mode of production factors, technological progress, organization and system innovation. It means that the growth of agriculture depends on the growth of total factor productivity. This article mainly discusses the influence of rural infrastructure investment on agricultural total factor productivity, and studies the way to promote the transformation of agricultural economic growth mode through rural infrastructure investment so as to provide decision-making basis for formulating scientific rural infrastructure investment policies. It is of great theoretical and practical significance to study the growth of agricultural total factor productivity from the perspective of rural infrastructure investment.
show more
Open Access
Articles
Article ID: 1596
PDF
by Morufu Olalekan Raimi, Tonye Vivien Odubo, Ogah Alima, Henry Akpojubaro Efegbere, Abinotami Williams Ebuete
Agr. Produc. Sci. 2023 , 1(1);    291 Views
Abstract Nothing vast comes into a mortal’s life without a curse. Identifying the pathways of pesticide impact can be multifaceted as well as complex, as humankind faces the magnificent challenge of food systems reconfiguration toward providing and delivering healthy foods that individual can access while protecting planetary health. Ideally, chemical pesticides used inappropriately in agricultural activities have shaped serious health as well as environmental problems in the global south. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) as well as World Health Organization (WHO) approximate that the rates of pesticide poisoning occur 2-3 times per minute, having roughly 20,000 employees dying yearly from exposure, mostly in emerging countries. From an environmental point of view, “chemically-polluted runoff” comes through fields that pollute both the ground and surface waters, destroying freshwater ecosystems, damaged fisheries, as well as creating growing and sustainable “dead zones” in the coastal areas near the river’s mouths of the drain agricultural areas. The environmental as well as health hazards resulting from pesticides could remain comparatively avoided through education as the first step towards achieving the SDGs as well as creating sustainable incentives toward curbing the overuse trend. Other important challenges need to be resolved, for example social inclusion; poverty reduction; education, increased equity as well as health care; sustainable energy; conservation of biodiversity; water security; and changing climate adaptation as well as mitigation. These challenges are interlinked as well as embodied in 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which all UN member states have accepted since 2015 as well as built round the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Therefore, managing the rapid accelerators considerately will need negotiation as well as collaboration from a wide range of civil society sector, private as well as public actors. The time has come toward putting the challenge of sociotechnical innovation as well as massive human ingenuity toward usage to safeguard the next generations as well as the planet future. While, the world is not on the pathway toward realizing its global goals come 2030. Prior to the outbreak of COVID-19, uneven progress had been witnessed, as well as more focused considerations was required in many areas. The sudden onset of the pandemic abruptly hampered the SDGs implementation and, in other cases, twisted decades of progress backwards.
show more